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Alzheimer's Disease Related Terms

- R -

  • Reassurance

  • Encouragement intended to relieve tension, fear, and confusion that can result from dementing illnesses.

  • Receptor

  • A site on a nerve cell that receives a specific neurotransmitter; the message receiver.

  • Receptor Agonist

  • A substance that mimics a specific neurotransmitter, is able to attach to that neurotransmitter�s receptor, and thereby produces the same action that the neurotransmitter usually produces. Drugs are often designed as receptor agonists to treat a variety of diseases and disorders in which the original chemical substance is missing or depleted.

  • Recombinant DNA Technology

  • Artificial rearrangement of DNA; segments of DNA from one organism can be incorporated into the genetic makeup of another organism. Using these techniques, researchers can study the characteristics and actions of specific genes. Many modern genetic research methods are based on recombinant DNA technology.

  • Reinforcement

  • Employment of praise, repetition, and stimulation of the senses to preserve a person�s memory, capabilities, and level of self-assurance.

  • Reminiscence

  • Life review activity aimed at surfacing and reviewing positive memories and experiences.

  • Repetitive Behaviors

  • Repeated questions, stories, and outbursts or specific activities done over and over again, common in people with dementia.

  • Respite

  • A short break or time away.

  • Respite Care

  • Services that provide people with temporary relief from tasks associated with caregiving (e.g., in-home assistance, short nursing home stays, adult day care).

  • Restraints

  • Devices used to ensure safety by restricting and controlling a person�s movement. Many facilities are "restraint free" or use alternative methods to help modify behavior.

  • Risk Factors

  • Factors that have been shown to increase one�s odds of developing a disease. In Alzheimer�s disease, the only established risk factors are age, family history, and genetics.

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Alzheimer�s Disease Terms

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