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Alzheimer's Disease Related Terms

- E -

  • Early Stage

  • The beginning stages of Alzheimer�s disease when an individual experiences very mild to moderate cognitive impairments.

  • Early-Onset Alzheimer�s Disease

  • An unusual form of Alzheimer�s in which individuals are diagnosed with Alzheimer�s before the age of 65. Less than 10 percent of all Alzheimer patients have early-onset. Early-onset Alzheimer�s is associated with mutations in genes located on chromosomes 1, 14, and 21.

  • Elder Law Attorney

  • An attorney who practices in the area of elder law, a specialized area of law focusing on issues that typically affect older adults.

  • Electron Microscope

  • A powerful microscope that employs a stream of electrons to magnify an image.

  • Environment

  • Physical and interpersonal surroundings that can affect mood and behaviors in people with dementia.

  • Enzyme

  • A protein produced by living organisms that promotes or otherwise influences chemical reactions.

  • Estrogen

  • A hormone produced by the ovaries and testes. It stimulates the development of secondary sexual characteristics and induces menstruation in women. Estrogen is important for the maintenance of normal brain function and development of nerve cells. Estrogen is used therapeutically to treat breast and prostate cancer and osteoporosis, and to relieve the discomforts of menopause. Some research suggests that estrogen may be beneficial in preventing Alzheimer�s disease. More studies are needed to confirm this.

  • Excitotoxicity

  • Overstimulation of nerve cells by nerve impulses. Excitotoxicity often leads to cell damage or death.

  • Executor

  • The individual named in a will who manages the estate of a deceased individual.

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Alzheimer�s Disease Terms

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