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Otolaryngology - Common ENT Terms

- T -

  • Tactile

  • Related to touch or the sense of touch.

  • Tactile Devices

  • Mechanical instruments that make use of touch to help individuals who have certain disabilities, such as deaf-blindness, to communicate.

  • Taste

  • The sensation produced by a stimulus applied to the gustatory nerve endings in the tongue. The four tastes are salt, sour, sweet, and bitter. Some scientists indicate the existence of a fifth taste, described as savory.

  • Taste Buds

  • Groups of cells located on the tongue that enable one to recognize different tastes.

  • Taste Disorder

  • The inability to perceive different flavors. Taste disorders may result from poor oral hygiene, gum disease, hepatitis, or medicines and chemotherapeutic drugs. Taste disorders may also be neurological.

  • TE Puncture

  • Tracheoesophageal puncture

  • Temporal Bone

  • The temporal bones form part of the base of the skull; among the hardest of all the bones, it includes the mastoid and protects the hearing and balance systems

  • Temporomandibular joint

  • The connection of the jaw bone to the skull, movement of this joint opens and closes the mouth.

  • Throat disorders

  • Disorders or diseases of the larynx (voice box), pharynx or esophagus.

  • Thyroid

  • Organ in the neck surrounding the area of the windpipe where the voice box is located. This organ helps regulate metabolism. This gland requires iodine for production of hormones, thyroxine and Triiodothyronine. This gland also secretes calcitonin. More

  • Thyroidectomy

  • Removal of the thyroid gland.

  • Thyroplasty

  • A surgical technique to improve voice by altering the cartilages of the larynx, which houses the vocal folds (vocal cords), in order to change the position or length of the vocal folds. Also known as laryngeal framework surgery.

  • Tinnitus

  • The sensation of a ringing, roaring, or buzzing sound in the ears or head. It is often associated with many forms of hearing impairment and noise exposure.

  • TM

  • Tympanic membrane .

  • TMJ

  • Temporomandibular joint .

  • Tongue

  • The large muscle on the floor of the mouth that manipulates food for chewing and swallowing. It is the main organ of taste, and assists in forming speech sounds.

  • Tonsil

  • Lymphoid tissue located in the back of the mouth.

  • Tonsillectomy

  • Removal of one or both tonsils.

  • Tonsillitis

  • Infection of the tonsils.

  • Touch

  • Tactile sense; the sense by which contact with the skin or mucous membrane is experienced.

  • Tourette Syndrome

  • A neurological disorder characterized by recurring movements and sounds (called tics).

  • Trachea

  • Windpipe, breathing tube, the structure that connects the back of the mouth with the lungs.

  • Tracheal Stenosis

  • Narrowing of the trachea due to a birth defect or scar tissue formation.

  • Tracheoesophageal Puncture

  • An opening that is created between the swallowing tube and the breathing tube to allow people who have had their voice boxes removed to create speech-like sounds.

  • Tracheostomy

  • A surgically created opening into the trachea (windpipe) to help someone breathe who has an obstruction or swelling in the larynx (voice box) or upper throat or who have their larynx surgically removed.

  • Tracheotomy

  • Creation of an opening through the neck into the breathing tube (trachea) in order to bypass the mouth and throat. Commonly used when significant obstruction exists above the level of the voice box or when the voice box is removed due to cancer.

  • Trismus

  • Inability to completely open the mouth.

  • Turbinate

  • Structure inside the nose that humidifies and filters air.

  • Tympanic Membrane

  • Also called the eardrum, it separates the ear canal from the middle ear, vibrating when sound waves hit it

  • Tympanic Membrane Perforation

  • Hole in the eardrum.

  • Tympanoplasty

  • Surgical repair of the eardrum (tympanic membrane) using a patch usually made up of tissue taken from a nearby muscle or surgical repair of bones of the middle ear,

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Common ENT Terms

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