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General Medicine Terms

- F -

  • Fallopian tubes

  • Two thin tubes that extend from each side of the uterus, toward the ovaries, as a passageway for eggs and sperm.

  • False negative report

  • A negative result when in reality it is positive in nature.

  • False positive report

  • A positive result when in reality it is negative in nature.

  • Fatty liver (STEATOSIS)

  • Build-up of fat in liver cells.

  • Fecal incontinence

  • Being unable to hold stool in the colon and rectum.

  • Fecal occult blood test

  • A test to check for hidden blood in stool. (Fecal refers to stool. Occult means hidden.)

  • Fecal occult blood test

  • Test to check for hidden blood in stool; screening test for cancer of the colon or rectum.

  • Femur

  • Thighbone.

  • Festination

  • Walking with a series of quick, small, shuffling steps as if hurrying forward to keep balance.

  • Fibrillation

  • Rapid contractions of the heart muscle.

  • Fibroadenoma

  • Noncancerous, firm, rubbery lump in the breast that is painless and moves around easily when touched.

  • Fibrocystic breasts

  • Noncancerous condition in which small lumps and cysts develop in the breasts.

  • Fibroids

  • Noncancerous growths in, on, or within the walls of the uterus.

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Also known as myofascial pain syndrome and fibromyositis. A group of common rheumatoid disorders (not involving the joints) characterized by achy pain, tenderness, and stiffness of muscles.

  • Fibrosis

  • The growth of scar tissue possibly due to infection, inflammation, injury, or even healing.

  • Fibrositis

  • A benign, intermittently recurring, and protracted disease process, with a lack of underlying pathology.

  • Fine needle aspiration

  • The use of a thin, hollow needle to withdraw tissue from the body.

  • FISH

  • Florescent in situ hybridization: a technique for uniquely identifying whole chromosomes or parts of chromosomes using florescent tagged DNA.

  • Flexor muscle

  • Any muscle that causes the bending of a limb or other body part.

  • Flow cytometry

  • Analysis of biological material by detection of the light-absorbing or fluorescing properties of cells or subcellular fractions (i.e., chromosomes) passing in a narrow stream through a laser beam. An absorbance or fluorescence profile of the sample is produced.

  • Flow karyotyping

  • Use of flow cytometry to analyze and/or separate chromosomes on the basis of their DNA content.

  • Flutter

  • Ineffective contractions of the heart muscles.

  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

  • Hormone secreted by the pituitary gland in the brain that stimulates the growth and maturation of eggs in females and sperm in males, and sex hormone production in both males and females.

  • Food exchanges

  • A way to help people stay on special food plans by letting them replace items from one food group with items from another group.

  • Food intolerance

  • An adverse food-induced reaction that does not involve the immune system (i.e., lactose intolerance).

  • Fragile sites

  • A non-staining gap of variable width that usually involves both chromatids and is always at exactly the same point on a specific chromosome derived from an individual or kindred.

  • Free skin graft

  • The detaching of healthy skin from one part of the body to repair areas of lost or damaged skin in another part of the body.

  • Frozen shoulder

  • Alternate name for 'capsulitis' of the shoulder, which undergoes four distinct stages: pain; pain and stiffness; stiffness; resolution.

  • Functional disorders (MOTILITY DISORDERS)

  • Conditions that result from poor nerve and muscle function.

  • Functional gene tests

  • Biochemical assays for a specific protein, indicating a specific gene is not merely present but active.

  • Functional incontinence

  • Difficulty reaching a restroom in time because of physical conditions such as arthritis.

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General Medicine Terms

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