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Diabetes Related Terms

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  • Obesity

  • A condition in which a greater than normal amount of fat is in the body; more severe than overweight; having a body mass index of 30 or more.

  • Obstetrician

  • A doctor who treats pregnant women and delivers babies.

  • Ogtt

  • See oral glucose tolerance test.

  • Ophthalmologist

  • A medical doctor who diagnoses and treats all eye diseases and eye disorders. Opthalmologists can also prescribe glasses and contact lenses.

  • Optician

  • A health care professional who dispenses glasses and lenses. An optician also makes and fits contact lenses.

  • Optometrist

  • A primary eye care provider who prescribes glasses and contact lenses. Optometrists can diagnose and treat certain eye conditions and diseases.

  • Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)

  • A test to diagnose pre-diabetes and diabetes. The oral glucose tolerance test is given by a health care professional after an overnight fast. A blood sample is taken, then the patient drinks a high-glucose beverage. Blood samples are taken at intervals for 2 to 3 hours. Test results are compared with a standard and show how the body uses glucose over time.

  • Oral Hypoglycemic Agents

  • Medicines taken by mouth by people with type 2 diabetes to keep blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible. Classes of oral hypoglycemic agents are alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, biguanides, d-phenylalanine derivatives, meglitinides, sulfonylureas, and thiazolidinediones.

  • Orinase

  • See tolbutamide.

  • Overweight

  • An above-normal body weight; having a body mass index of 25 to 29.9.

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Diabetes Related Terms

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