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Otolaryngology - Common ENT Terms

- L -

  • Labyrinth

  • The organ of balance located in the inner ear. The labyrinth consists of three semicircular canals and the vestibule.

  • Labyrinthine Hydrops

  • Excessive fluid in the organ of balance (labyrinth); can cause pressure or fullness in the ears, hearing loss, dizziness, and loss of balance.

  • Labyrinthitis

  • Viral or bacterial infection or inflammation of the inner ear that can cause dizziness, loss of balance, and temporary hearing loss.

  • Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

  • A childhood disorder of unknown origin, which often extends into adulthood and can be identified by gradual or sudden loss of the ability to understand and use spoken language.

  • Language

  • A system for communicating ideas and feelings using sounds, gestures, signs, or marks.

  • Language Disorders

  • Any of a number of problems with verbal communication and the ability to use or understand a symbol system for communication.

  • Laryngeal Neoplasms

  • Abnormal growths in the larynx (voice box) that can be cancerous or noncancerous.

  • Laryngeal Nodules

  • Noncancerous, callous-like growths on the inner parts of the vocal folds (vocal cords); usually caused by vocal abuse or misuse.

  • Laryngeal Paralysis

  • Loss of function or feeling of one or both of the vocal folds caused by injury or disease to the nerves of the larynx.

  • Laryngectomy

  • Surgery to remove part or all of the larynx (voice box).

  • Laryngitis

  • A hoarse voice or the complete loss of the voice because of irritation to the vocal folds (vocal cords).

  • Laryngomalacia

  • A term used to describe floppiness of the valves over the voice box that creates a noise as the child breathes in which is usually high-pitched and is especially heard during feeding.

  • Laryngoscopy

  • Looking into the larynx with a lighted telescope.

  • Larynx

  • A term used to identify the voice box, which contains the vocal cords and structures which help produce sound. This structure also separates the airway from the breathing tube while swallowing by closing. Voice or other sounds are produced when the vocal cords meet in the middle.

  • Laser Assisted Uvulopalatoplasty

  • Narrowing of the palate and removal of the uvula with laser energy to decrease snoring and sleep apnea. More

  • LAUP

  • Laser assisted uvulopalatoplasty

  • Learning Disabilities

  • Childhood disorders characterized by difficulty with certain skills such as reading or writing in individuals with normal intelligence.

  • Lymph Node Dissection

  • Removal of the lymph glands in the area near a tumor in order to determine if they are involved with cancer and to remove any cancer located within them.

  • Lymphadenectomy

  • Removal of the lymph glands in the area near a tumor in order to determine if they are involved with cancer and to remove any cancer located within them.

  • Lymphadenopathy

  • Enlargement of lymph nodes usually associated with inflammation or infection, commonly known as "swollen glands."


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Common ENT Terms






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