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Epidemiology Related Terms

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  • ADAP

  • A measure of the public health impact of a causative factor; proportion of a disease in a group that is exposed to a particular factor which can be attributed to their exposure to that factor.

  • Age-Adjusted Mortality Rate

  • A mortality rate statistically modified to eliminate the effect of different age distributions in the different populations.

  • Agent

  • A factor, such as a microorganism, chemical substance, or form of radiation, whose presence, excessive presence, or (in deficiency diseases) relative absence is essential for the occurrence of a disease.

  • Age-Specific Mortality Rate

  • A mortality rate limited to a particular age group. The numerator is the number of deaths in that age group; the denominator is the number of persons in that age group in the population.

  • Analytic Epidemiology

  • The aspect of epidemiology concerned with the search for health-related causes and effects. Uses comparison groups, which provide baseline data, to quantify the association between exposures and outcomes, and test hypotheses about causal relationships.

  • Analytic Study

  • A comparative study intended to identify and quantify associations, test hypotheses, and identify causes. Two common types are cohort study and case-control study.

  • Applied Epidemiology

  • The application or practice of epidemiology to address public health issues.

  • Association

  • Statistical relationship between two or more events, characteristics, or other variables.

  • Attack Rate

  • A variant of an incident rate, applied to a narrowly defined population observed for a limited period of time, such as during an epidemic.


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Epidemiology Terms






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