The teeth on either side of a missing tooth.
A silver/mercury mixture which is used for fillings.
1)The arangement of the bones in your skeleton 2)
The study of the arrangement of the bones in your
A chemical agent which can be applied to living tissues
to destroy germs.
A drug which a doctor or dentist uses to put you,
your mouth, or some other part of your body asleep
so you do not feel any pain during dental or medical
An adjective used to describe things pertaining to
your your Centrals, laterals and cuspids (your front
Collectively, either the teeth or the basal bone
of either jaw.
A special holder for models of your teeth. The articulator
holds the models in the same alignment as your jaw
so the orthodontist can look carefully at your bite.
The avoidance of potentially pathogenic microorganism.
In practice,it refers to those techniques which aims
to exclude all microorganisms.
A tube like a straw which the dentist puts in your
mouth to suck up all the saliva.
Removal of fluids from your mouth with an aspirator.
Clenching or grinding of your teeth especially at
A hard deposit that forms when you do not brush your
teeth so the plaque hardens. Calculus is also known
Another name for a cavities (tooth decay)
A small hole in one of your teeth caused by tooth
- Cross contamination
Passing bacteria, viruses or AIDS indirectly from
one patient to another through the use of improper
sterilization procedures, unclean instruments, or
"recycling" of orthodontic products.
An artifacial tooth, 2) an artificial replacement
for the covering on a tooth
A periodontal procedure where your gums are scraped
to remove bacteria.
The loss of calcium from your teeth. This weakens
your teeth and makes them more succeptable to decay
A synthetic replacment for all of your teeth in either
your upper or your lower jaw.
the process of identifying the nature of a disorder.
- Direct contamination
Direct contact with impurities or germs. (for example
by a Patient sneezing on the assistant.)
A cleaning process which destroys of most microorganism,
but not highly resistant forms such as bacterial and
mycotic spores or the AIDS virus.
A chemical agent which is applied onto inanimate
surfaces, for example chairs, to destroy germs.
- Disposable materials
materials intended for one use and discarded. (e.g.:
Gloves, paper gowns, cotton rolls, sponges, etc.)
Behind towards the back of the mouth. For example
you might say that the first bicuspid is distal to
Someone is said to be edentulous whene all of their
teeth are missing from either their upper or lower
- Endodontist (Endo)
A dentist who specializes in root canals and the
treatment of diseases or injuries that affect the
root tips or nerves in your teeth.
- Erupt, Eruption
When a new tooth comes in, the tooth is said to erupt
when the tooth breaks through the surface of your
gums, so you can see the tooth in your mouth.
to fall out. (Your Deciduous teeth exfoliate and
permanent teeth erupt into the space.)
Outside of your mouth. For example, neck pads are
sait to be extra oral products since they go outside
of your mouth.
the dimple or indentation under the nose directly
above the upper lip.
A chemical solution or gel which you put on your
teeth. The flouride hardens your teeth and prevents
- Gingival hypertrophy
The abnormal enlargement of the gingiva surrounding
the teeth caused by poor oral hygiene.
The inflammation of your gums caused by improper
brushing. The first sign of periodontal (gum) disease.
- Impacted tooth
An unerupted tooth that somehow has gotten stuck
and cannot come in.
A replacement for one of your missing teeth. The
implant is different than a bridge in that the implant
is permenantly attached into your jaw.
The biting edge of your centrals and laterals.
the space between adjacent teeth
Inside your mouth. For example, orthodontic rubber
bands are called intraoral products since the rubber
bands are designed to go in your mouth.
the technique of using a solution to wash out your
mouth and to flush debris.
The tooth surface next to your lips or things mounted
on the tooth surfaces next to your lips.
The tooth surface next to your tongue or things mounted
on the tooth surfaces next to your tongue.
Your lower jaw
Pertaining to your lower jaw
To chew your food and mix the food with saliva
Your upper jaw
Pertaining to your upper jaw
Forward or front. For example your cuspid is mesial
to you bicuspid. The mesial surface of your bicuspid
is the part of the bicuspid closest to your cuspid.
A plane through the very center of your mouth perpendicular
to your nose.
- Mixed dentition
The situation when both deciduous and permanent teeth
the chewing or grinding surface of the bicuspid and
- Occlusal plane
the imaginary surface on which upper and lower teeth
- Occlusal radiograph
the only x-ray that is taken without a precision(tm)
x-ray holder. The x-ray film for this procedure is
shaped like a large oatmeal cookie. You are asked
to bite on the x-ray film and the top of the x-ray
machine is positioned over your nose for a maxillary
occlusal x-ray or under your chin for a mandibular
occlusal film. The x- ray shows the whole arch.
pertaining to the mouth.
Cells which aid the growth and development of teeth
Cells which help create the sockets in bones. For
example osteoclasps create the openings in your jaw
bone to hold your teeth.
disease producing organisms that can exist in many
different places. (e.g.: Air, dust, counter top surfaces,
the body, etc.)
the study of abnormal (diseased) tissue conditions.
- Pedodontist (Pedo)
A dentist who specializes in the treatment of children's
x-ray of individual teeth or groups of teeth.
- Periodontist (Perio)
A dentist who specializes in the treatment of diseases
of your gums.
is a colorless, odorless, sticky substance containing
acids and bacteria that causes tooth decay.
Pertaining to your gums. For example periodontal
desiese is gum disease.
A dentist who specializes in the treatment of gum
An adjective used to describe things pertaining to
the back of your mouth or your back teeth.
Cleaning your teeth
A dentist who specializes in the replacement of missing
Refers to the surfaces of teeth that touch the next
tooth; the space between adjacent teeth is the interproximal
Another name for an x-ray
- Root canal
A procedure where the nerve of a heavily decayed
tooth is removed from the tooth replaced with a filling
- Sagittal plane
The longitudinal vertical plane that divides the
mouth into two halves (left and right.)
A cleaning process which reduces germs to a "safe"
- Space maintainer
A gadget used to maintain a space in your mouth.
You would use a space maintainer when you lose one
of your baby teeth. The space maintainer will keep
a space in your mouth until a permenant tooth comes
in to fill the space.
A process where a medical material is treated to
remove all possible germs and other forms of life
- Supernumerary teeth
Some people have extra teeth. These are called "supernumerary
Another name for calculus
An abreviation for the "temporomandibular joint"
The "temporomandibular joint" is the joint where your
lower jaw connects to your skull.
- Treatment card
a sheet of paper or special index card used to record
your treatment progress.